威尼斯城娱乐官方平台

英语在寒假中应该怎样备考呢

十二月 13th, 2019  |  学生园地

  参考译文:他扶持遍布那样贰个思想,即早前感到不是由细菌孳生的有个别病痛实际正是传染病,该意见第二回提议来的时候,引起了十分的大的纠纷。

  1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first
    paragraph of the text?

  希望通过这两段真题中的段落,能让考生意识到相应储存何种固定搭配,寒假是打牢底蕴的好时节,希望各位考生能够踏实备考。预祝我们备考顺利,得到杰出佳绩!

[D] Intuition enables managers to employ their practical experience
more efficiently。

  They also suffer more often than most people from a number of nasty
genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts , however, social
effects, such as a strong tradition of valuing education. The latterwas
seen as a consequence of genetic isolation .Dr.Cochran suggests that the
inteligence and diseases are intimately linked. His argument is that the
unusual history of these people has subjected them to unique
evolutionary pressures that have reasulted in this paradoxical state of
affairs.

9.[A] attaining[B] scoring[C] reaching[D] calculating

  由细菌孳生的:Have a bacterial cause

Text3

  独出机杼,高人一头的人:Rare bird

Two stylistic characteristics shaped the way Coltrane played the tenor
saxophone: he favored playing fast runs of notes built on a melody and
depended on heavy, regularly accented beats. The first led Coltrane to
“sheets of sound” where he raced faster and faster, pile-driving notes
into each other to suggest stacked harmonies. The second meant that his
sense of rhythm was almost as close to rock as to bebop。

  参谋译文:Cochran博士感到,高智与病痛紧凑相关。

[C] indefinitely[D] unaccountably

  ●高频搭配

[D] stipulate clear goals。

  蓬蓬勃勃想到……就惊慌的人身颤抖:Tremble at the thought of

16.[A] assessing[B] supervising[C] administering[D] valuing

  许多正值预备二〇一六硕士考生的考生都通晓都教师,考研[微博]拉脱维亚语在寒假中应当怎么备考呢,都教师以为,República Portuguesa语在寒假阶段首要根基累积,除了词汇的回忆外,固定搭配也是一大主要,能够协理考生越来越好的知晓段落文章核心。上面都教师就使用真题带各位考生来寻访应该首要纪念何种搭配的词汇。

15.[A] given up[B] got over[C] carried on[D] put down

  引起了十分大的争论:Arouse much controversy

[C] bring together disparate facts。

  被看成基因隔断的结果 be seen as a consequence of genetic isolation

This group generally do well in IQ test, 12-15 points above the value of
100, and have contributed to the intellectual and cultural life of the
West, as the of their elites, including several world-renowned
scientists, . They also suffer more often than most people from a number
of nasty genetic diseases, such as breast cancer. These facts, , have
previously been thought unrelated. The former has been to social
effects, such as a strong tradition of education. The latter was seen as
a (an) of genetic isolation. Dr. Cochran suggests that the intelligence
and diseases are intimately . His argument is that the unusual history
of these people has them to unique evolutionary pressures that have
resulted in this state of affairs。

  境遇局部令人忧伤的遗传性病魔

  1. According to the text, senior managers use intuition in all of the
    following ways EXCEPT to

  冲突的情事 paradoxical state of affairs

Before you begin examining potential investments, it’s important to take
some time to assess your own goals and risk tolerance. If you start with
a clear objective in mind, as well as an understanding as to how you
might react if your investment loses money, you’ll be less likely to
purchase a fund that doesn’t fit your needs. And that’s what often leads
to disappointment. It is important to look for funds that are
appropriate for both your goals and your investment temperament。

  紧凑相关 be intimately linked

[B] Manager X checks possible solutions to a problem by systematic
analysis; Manager Y does not。

  从前被感到是不相干的have previously been thought unrelated

Text4

  Even he, however,might tremble at the thought of what he is about to
do.

the maximum profit.[C] A flower stall in which the various species of
flowers are arranged according to their price.[D] A housing
development in which the length of the front struts supporting the porch
of each

  真题段落二:

[A] An assertion is made and a specific supporting example is given。

  不依靠于任何单位:Work indipendently of any institution

correspondence is explained。

  He helped popularize the idea that some diseases not previously
thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections , which
aroused much controversy when it was first suggested.

Section Ⅲ Translation

  随笔来源:文都教育

[C] Manager X takes action in order to arrive at the solution to a
problem; Manager Y does not。

  扶持分布该意见:Help popularize the idea

[B] The cultural achievements of colonial New England have generally
been unrecognized by historians。

  归因于社会影响 have been put down to social effects

he, however, might tremble at the of what he is about to do. Together
with another two scientists, he is publishing a paper which not only
that one group of humanity is more intelligent than the others, but
explains the process that has brought this about. The group in are a
particular people originated from central Europe. The process is natural
selection。

  Dr.Cochran suggests that the intelligence and diseases are
intimately linked.

[B] describe carefully how migrants of different ethnic backgrounds
preserved their culture in the United States。

  使她们采取独特的发展力量have subjected them to unique evolutionary
pressures

[A] Manager X analyzes first and then acts; Manager Y does not。

  ●加强习题

18.[A] linked[B] integrated[C] woven[D] combined

  不敢公开:Dare not speak its name

  1. It can be inferred from the text that which of the following would
    most probably be one major difference in behavior between Manager X, who
    uses intuition to reach decisions, and Manager Y, who uses only formal
    decision analysis?

  The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than
others is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But
Gregory Cochran is prepared to say it anyway. He is that rare bird, a
secientist who works independently of any institution. He helped
popularize tha idea that some diseases not previously thought to have a
bacterail cause were actually infections ,which aroused much controversy
when it was first suggested.

[D] The southern colonies were greatly influenced by the high culture
of New England。

  构造提醒:that some diseases 是前方 the idea 的同位语从句,not
previously thought to have a bacterial
cause做前置定语修饰前面包车型地铁diseases,主干是some diseases were actually
infections.

Although Bailyn goes on to apply his approach to some thousands of
indentured servants who migrated just prior to the revolution, he fails
to link their experience with the political development of the United
States. Evidence presented in his work suggests how we might make such a
connection. These indentured servants were treated as slaves for the
period during which they had sold their time to American employers. It
is not surprising that as soon as they served their time they passed up
good wages in the cities and headed west to ensure their personal
independence by acquiring land. Thus, it is in the west that a
peculiarly American political culture began, among colonists who were
suspicious of authority and intensely anti-aristocratic。

  中度重教的观念意识a strong tradition of valuing education

When Coltrane began recording for the Impulse! Label, he was still
searching. His music became raucous, physical. His influence on rockers
was enormous, including Jimi Hendrix, the rock guitarist, who, following
Coltrane, raised the extended guitar solo using repeated motifs to a
kind of rock art form。

  真题段落风流倜傥:

Moreover, the integration of the European community will oblige
television companies to cooperate more closely in terms of both
production and distribution。

  ●高频搭配

house increases as houses are built up the hill.40. Which of the
following phrases from the text best expresses the author’s conclusion
about the

  ●加强习题

Part B

Do not write the address。

One of the implications of the intuitive style of executive management
is that thinking is inseparable from acting. Since managers often know
what is right before they can analyze and explain it, they frequently
act first and explain later. Analysis is inextricably tied to action in
thinking/acting cycles, in which managers develop thoughts about their
companies and organizations not by analyzing a problematic situation and
then acting, but by acting and analyzing in close concert。

44.

Directions:

One way to begin your search for a good fund is to use the Morningstar
star rating. The rating is a useful tool for narrowing the field to
funds that have done a good job of balancing return and risk in the
past. To assign ratings, Morningstar uses a formula that compares a
fund’s risk-adjusted historical performance with that of other funds
within four rating groups – domestic stock funds, international stock
funds, taxable bond funds, and municipal bond funds。

[D] Manager Y draws on years of hands-on experience in creating a
solution to a problem; Manager X does not。

  1. The primary purpose of the text is to [A] discuss the place of
    Coltrane in the world of jazz and describe his musical explorations.
    [B] examine the nature of bebop and contrast it with improvisational
    jazz. [C] analyze the musical sources of Coltrane’s style and their
    influence on his work. [D] acknowledge the influence of Coltrane’s
    music on rock music and rock musicians。

  2. Which of the following best describes the organization of the fourth
    paragraph? [A] A thesis referred to earlier in the text is mentioned
    and illustrated with three specific examples. [B] A thesis is stated
    and three examples are given each suggesting that a correction needs to
    be

Biologists call this kind of gradual variation over a certain geographic
range a “cline” and interpret clines as strong indications that the
variation is adaptive, a response to environmental differences. For the
starry flounder this interpretation implies that a geometric difference
(between fish that are mirror images of one another) is adaptive, that
left-eyedness in the Japanese starry flounder has been selected for,
which provokes a perplexing question: what is the selective advantage in
having both eyes on one side rather than on the other?

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank
and mark A, B, C or D onANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

The first of these asserts that residents of early modern England moved
regularly about their countryside; migrating to the New World was simply
a natural spillover. Although at first the colonies held little positive
attraction for the English — they would rather have stayed home — by the
eighteenth century people increasingly migrated to America because they
regarded it as the land of opportunity. Secondly, Bailyn holds that,
contrary to the notion that used to flourish in America history
textbooks, there was never a typical New World community. For example,
the economic and demographic character of early New England towns varied
considerably。

Flatfish, such as the flounder, are among the few vertebrates that lack
approximate bilateral symmetry (symmetry in which structures to the left
and right of the body’s midline are mirror images). Most striking among
the many asymmetries evident in an adult flatfish is eye placement:
before maturity one eye migrates, so that in an adult flatfish both eyes
are on the same side of the head. While in most species with asymmetries
virtually all adults share the same asymmetry, members of the starry
flounder species can be either left-eyed (both eyes on the left side of
head) or right-eyed. In the waters between the United States and Japan,
the starry flounder populations vary from about 50 percent left-eyed off
the United States West Coast, through about 70 percent left-eyed halfway
between the United States and Japan, to nearly 100 percent left-eyed off
the Japanese coast。

[A] Bailyn underestimates the effects of Puritan thought on North
American culture。

[D] They have misunderstood how managers use intuition in making
business decisions。

The idea that some groups of people may be more intelligent than others
is one of those hypotheses that dare not speak its name. But Gregory
Cochran is to say it anyway. He is that bird, a scientist who works
independently any institution. He helped popularize the idea that some
diseases not thought to have a bacterial cause were actually infections,
which aroused much controversy when it was first suggested。

2.[A] unique[B] particular[C] special[D] rare

7.[A] advises[B] suggests[C] protests[D] objects

  1. Which of the following best summarizes the author’s evaluation of
    Bailyn’s fourth proposition?
  1. According to the text,Bailyn and the author agree on which of the
    following statements about the culture of colonial New England?

Proponents of different jazz styles have always argued that their
predecessor’s musical style did not include essential characteristics
that define jazz as jazz. Thus, 1940’s swing was belittled by beboppers
of the 1950’s who were themselves attacked by free jazzes of the 1960’s.
The neoboppers of the 1980’s and 1990’s attacked almost everybody else.
The titanic figure of Black saxophonist John Coltrane has complicated
the arguments made by proponents of styles from bebop through neobop
because in his own musical journey he drew from all those styles. His
influence on all types of jazz was immeasurable. At the height of his
popularity, Coltrane largely abandoned playing bebop, the style that had
brought him fame, to explore the outer reaches of jazz。

  1. Which of the following statements about migrants to colonial North
    America is supported by information in the text?

[C] Weighing your financial goals and expectations first

[A] It is totally implausible。

The problem with the above explanation is that the Japanese starry
flounder population is almost exclusively left-eyed, and natural
selection never promotes a purely less advantageous variation. As other
explanations proved equally untenable, biologists concluded that there
is no important adaptive difference between left-eyedness and
right-eyedness, and that the two characteristics are genetically
associated with some other adaptively significant characteristic. This
situation is one commonly encountered by evolutionary biologists, who
must often decide whether a characteristic is adaptive or selectively
neutral. As for the left-eyed and right-eyed flatfish, their difference,
however striking, appears to be an evolutionary red herring.36.
According to the text, starry flounder differ form most other species of
flatfish in that starry flounder [A] are not basically bilaterally
symmetric. [B] do not become asymmetric until adulthood. [C] do not
all share the same asymmetry. [D] have both eyes on the same side of
the head.37. Which of the following best describes the organization of
the text as a whole? [A] A phenomenon is described and an
interpretation presented and rejected. [B] A generalization is made
and supporting evidence is supplied and weighed. [C] A contradiction
is noted and a resolution is suggested and then modified. [D] A series
of observations is presented and explained in terms of the dominant
theory.38. The text supplies information for answering which of the
following questions? [A] Why are Japanese starry flounder mostly
left-eyed? [B] Why should the eye-sidedness in starry flounder be
considered selectively neutral? [C] Why have biologists recently
become interested in whether a characteristic is adaptive or

[E] Narrowing the search

Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming”
instead。

Given the great uncertainty of many of the management issues that they
face, senior managers often instigate a course of action simply to learn
more about an issue. They then use the results of the action to develop
a more complete understanding of the issue. One implication of
thinking/acting cycles is that action is often part of defining the
problem, not just of implementing the solution。

Isenberg’s recent research on the cognitive processes of senior managers
reveals that managers’ intuition is neither of these. Rather, senior
managers use intuition in at least five distinct ways. First, they
intuitively sense when a problem exists. Second, managers rely on
intuition to perform well-learned behavior patterns rapidly. This
intuition is not arbitrary or irrational, but is based on years of
painstaking practice and hands-on experience that build skills. A third
function of intuition is to synthesize isolated bits of data and
practice into an integrated picture, often in an Aha! experience.
Fourth, some managers use intuition as a check on the results of more
rational analysis. Most senior executives are familiar with the formal
decision analysis models and tools, and those who use such systematic
methods for reaching decisions are occasionally leery of solutions
suggested by these methods which run counter to their sense of the
correct course of action. Finally, managers can use intuition to bypass
in-depth analysis and move rapidly to engender a plausible solution.
Used in this way, intuition is an almost instantaneous cognitive process
in which a manager recognizes familiar patterns。

[B] Bailyn overemphasizes the economic dependence of the colonies on
Great Britain。

Directions:

4.[A] subsequently[B] presently[C] previously[D] lately

[B] identify a problem。

[B] Managers cannot justify their intuitive decisions。

[B] Paying attention to details

Directions:

[D] Two opposing points of view are presented and evaluated。

Text2

Bernard Bailyn has recently reinterpreted the early history of the
United States by applying new social research findings on the
experiences of European migrants. In his reinterpretation, migration
becomes the organizing principle for rewriting the history of
pre-industrial North America. His approach rests on four separate
propositions。

Three recordings illustrate Coltrane’s energizing explorations.
Recording Kind of Blue with Miles Davis, Coltrane found himself outside
bop, exploring modal melodies. Here he played surging, lengthy solos
built largely around repeated motifs — an organizing principle unlike
that of free jazz saxophone player Ornette Coleman, who modulated or
altered melodies in his solos. On Giant Steps, Coltrane debuted as
leader, introducing his own compositions. Here the sheets of sound,
downbeat accents, repetitions, and great speed are part of each solo,
and the variety of the shapes of his phrases is unique. Coltrane’s
searching explorations produced solid achievement. My Favorite Things
was another kind of watershed. Here Coltrane played the soprano
saxophone, an instrument seldom used by jazz musicians. Musically, the
results were astounding. With the soprano’s piping sound, ideas that had
sounded dark and brooding acquired a feeling of giddy fantasy。

Directions:

[D] By the 1730’s,migrants already skilled in a trade were in more
demand by American employers than were unskilled laborers。

[D] It is controversial though persuasive。

  1. In terms of its tone and form, the text can best be characterized as
    [A] dogmatic explanation. [B] indignant denial. [C] enthusiastic
    praise. [D] speculative study。

[C] Managers” intuition works contrary to their rational and
analytical skills。

There’s no free lunch in fund investing: in addition to the sales fees
that some fund companies charge, fund investors must also pay management
fees and trading costs. Unfortunately, you don’t necessarily get what
you pay for – no one has ever shown that more expensive funds provide
greater returns. Look for funds with reasonable costs. The expense
ratio, which expresses annual costs as a percentage amount, is probably
the best number to use when comparing mutual fund costs。

相关文章

Your Comments

近期评论

    功能


    网站地图xml地图